The routine helps students make connections between new ideas and prior knowledge. It also encourages them to take stock of ongoing questions, puzzles and difficulties as they reflect on what they are learning.

The natural place to use the Connect-Extend-Challenge routine is after students have learned something new. It doesn't matter how much they have learned – it can be a lesson's worth, or a unit's worth. The routine is broadly applicable: Use it after students have explored a work of art, or anything else in the curriculum. Try it as a reflection during a lesson, after a longer project, or when completing a unit of study. Try using it after another routine!
Resources & Links   Notes & Considerations    
Poster [Word]
PZ Visible Thinking: Connect-Extend-Challenge [Web Link]
  * This routine works well with the whole class, in small groups or individually.
* Keep a visible record of students' ideas.
* If you are working in a group, ask students to share some of their thoughts and collect a list of ideas in each of the three categories. Or have students write their individual responses on post-it notes and add them to a class chart.
* Keep students' visible thinking alive over time: Continually add new ideas to the lists and revisit the ideas and quetions on the chart as students' understanding around a topic develops.
Pictures of Practice